If you watch any of the home improvement shows, you may get the idea that home construction or a major remodel happens practically overnight. These shows make it look easy because their job is to provide entertainment! But compressing a construction time frame into an hour-long show really doesn’t do justice to the overall process, and all the details and planning that make a successful project.
Let’s take a look behind-the-scenes – here’s a look at what really happens from start to finish as we build a new house for you!
Grading & Site Preparation
Before construction can begin, the site must be prepared properly. Site preparation can involve a number of steps, but the exact process varies based on the condition of the land. Here are a few of the most common tasks:
- clearing the site of rocks, trees, and other vegetation, grading or leveling the site,
- staking the area where the structure will be built,
- building access roads to the property,
- and digging for the foundation or basement.
This particular house foundation is built of block and brick veneer; it is the supporting structure of the home. Two important features of the finished foundation:
- It is high enough so that water moves away from the house, and
- It is waterproofed to keep water from accumulating in the basement or in the crawl space.
Rough-In Electrical, Plumbing & HVAC
Electrical, plumbing and heating & cooling will be roughed-in at this time. Roughed-in means that all the equipment – pipes, duct work, electrical conduit – are brought into the house but final connections are not made. An inspection is needed after rough-ins are complete.
After the inspection for the rough-ins is complete, we will insulate the walls, ceiling, and floor of the house. Insulation is measured by its R-value; the higher the number, the more insulating it provides. Insulation is a primary driver for minimizing heating and cooling costs, so we always want to choose wisely.
Finish Electrical, Plumbing & HVAC
Remember the rough-in we did earlier? Now is the stage where the trades return. The electrician comes back to install the outlets, switches, light fixtures, ceiling fans, and door bells. He will also hook up the appliances, furnace, and air conditioner. The plumber returns to set toilets, install sinks, faucets, and any other fixtures needed. This is called trimming out. The HVAC sub then installs the registers and gets the furnace and air conditioning running properly.